Provincial Pro*vin"cial, a. [L. provincialis: cf. F. provincial. See Province, and cf. Provencal.] 1. Of or pertaining to province; constituting a province; as, a provincial government; a provincial dialect. 2. Exhibiting the ways or manners of a province; characteristic of the inhabitants of a province; not cosmopolitan; countrified; not polished; rude; hence, narrow; illiberal. ``Provincial airs and graces.' --Macaulay. 3. Of or pertaining to an ecclesiastical province, or to the jurisdiction of an archbishop; not ecumenical; as, a provincial synod. --Ayliffe. 4. Of or pertaining to Provence; Provencal. [Obs.] With two Provincial roses on my razed shoes. --Shak., Provincial Pro*vin"cial, n. 1. A person belonging to a province; one who is provincial. 2. (R. C. Ch.) A monastic superior, who, under the general of his order, has the direction of all the religious houses of the same fraternity in a given district, called a province of the order.