Definition for word number.

Number Num"ber, n. [OE. nombre, F. nombre, L. numerus; akin to Gr. ? that which is dealt out, fr. ? to deal out, distribute. See Numb, Nomad, and cf. Numerate, Numero, Numerous.] 1. That which admits of being counted or reckoned; a unit, or an aggregate of units; a numerable aggregate or collection of individuals; an assemblage made up of distinct things expressible by figures. 2. A collection of many individuals; a numerous assemblage; a multitude; many. Ladies are always of great use to the party they espouse, and never fail to win over numbers. --Addison. 3. A numeral; a word or character denoting a number; as, to put a number on a door. 4. Numerousness; multitude. Number itself importeth not much in armies where the people are of weak courage. --Bacon. 5. The state or quality of being numerable or countable. Of whom came nations, tribes, people, and kindreds out of number. --2 Esdras iii. 7. 6. Quantity, regarded as made up of an aggregate of separate things. 7. That which is regulated by count; poetic measure, as divisions of time or number of syllables; hence, poetry, verse; -- chiefly used in the plural. I lisped in numbers, for the numbers came. --Pope. 8. (Gram.) The distinction of objects, as one, or more than one (in some languages, as one, or two, or more than two), expressed (usually) by a difference in the form of a word; thus, the singular number and the plural number are the names of the forms of a word indicating the objects denoted or referred to by the word as one, or as more than one. 9. (Math.) The measure of the relation between quantities or things of the same kind; that abstract species of quantity which is capable of being expressed by figures; numerical value. Abstract number, Abundant number, Cardinal number, etc. See under Abstract, Abundant, etc. In numbers, in numbered parts; as, a book published in numbers., Number Num"ber, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Numbered; p. pr & vb. n. Numbering.] [OE. nombren, noumbren, F. nombrer, fr. L. numerare, numeratum. See Number, n.] 1. To count; to reckon; to ascertain the units of; to enumerate. If a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered. --Gen. xiii. 16. 2. To reckon as one of a collection or multitude. He was numbered with the transgressors. --Is. liii. 12. 3. To give or apply a number or numbers to; to assign the place of in a series by order of number; to designate the place of by a number or numeral; as, to number the houses in a street, or the apartments in a building. 4. To amount; to equal in number; to contain; to consist of; as, the army numbers fifty thousand. Thy tears can not number the dead. --Campbell. Numbering machine, a machine for printing consecutive numbers, as on railway tickets, bank bills, etc. Syn: To count; enumerate; calculate; tell.

Explination we found from Wikipedia for number.

- a number is a mathematical object used to count , label, and measure . in mathematics , the definition of number has been extended over
- in linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count
- a telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunications to assign telephone number s to subscriber telephones
- in mathematics , a real number is a value that represents a quantity along a continuous line. include all the rational number s, such as the
- in chemistry and physics , the atomic number (also known as the proton number) is the number of proton s found in the nucleus of an atom
- in most telecommunications organizations, a virtual channel, is a method of remapping the program number as used in h.222 program
- properties of the natural numbers related to divisibility , such as the distribution of prime number s, are studied in number theory .
- in team sports, the number, often referred to as the uniform number, squad number, jersey number, shirt number, sweater number, or similar
- an integer is a number that can be written without a fractional or decimal component. for example, 21, 4, and ?2048 are integers; 9.75, 5
- in fluid mechanics , mach number (m or ma) ? , m , ?? , x is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of speed of an object moving

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