Government Gov"ern*ment, n. [F. gouvernement. See Govern.] 1. The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the administration of laws; control; direction; regulation; as, civil, church, or family government. 2. The mode of governing; the system of polity in a state; the established form of law. That free government which we have so dearly purchased, free commonwealth. --Milton. 3. The right or power of governing; authority. I here resign my government to thee. --Shak. 4. The person or persons authorized to administer the laws; the ruling power; the administration. When we, in England, speak of the government, we generally understand the ministers of the crown for the time being. --Mozley & W. 5. The body politic governed by one authority; a state; as, the governments of Europe. 6. Management of the limbs or body. --Shak. 7. (Gram.) The influence of a word in regard to construction, requiring that another word should be in a particular case.